What is Diwali Festival? Why Diwali Festival is celebrated? When Diwali Festival is celebrated? How Diwali Festival is celebrated? What you can do to celebrate Diwali Festival at your Home? What is Diwali Lakshmi Puja Vidhi? How to worship Goddess Lakshmi (Laxmi) during Diwali at your home. Diwali Festival Photos. Diwali Festival Videos.
Diwali festival is festival of worship of Mother Goddess Kamala or Lakshmi. Diwali is also pronounced as Deepawali, composed of two words Deep and Awali. Deep means lamp and Awali means line, so Deepawali means a festival of lights in which homes are decorated with lines of lamps to express happiness of incarnation of Goddess Kamala (Lakshmi) and victory of good over evil (i.e. Lord Shri Ram came back to Ayodhya on this day after 14 years long exile). Diwali Festival is celebrated for 5 days of Kartik month according to Hindu Calendar. The day Diwali is the Amavsaya of Kartik month, which is the day of Goddess Kamala, hence also known as Kamala Jayanti.
Diwali festival is a 5 day festival, and these 5 days of Diwali have individual significance. According to Hindu epics and scriptures, several major events occurred on these 5 days. As because these 5 days comes together, they are collectively known as Diwali Festival or Deepawali Festival. Let us know these 5 days of Diwali festival :
Dhan Teras or Dhanvantari Jayanti is the first day of Diwali Festival
Dhan Teras is the day of incarnation of Dhanvantari, the physician of Hindu Gods. Dhanvantri came out of ocean during Samudra Manthan on this day.
Narak Chaturdashi or Roop Chaturdashi is the second day of Diwali Festival
Narak Chaturdashi or Roop Chaturdashi is the day when Lord Krishna killed demon Narakasur. According to an old story it is also believed that a devotee who keeps a fast on this day and worship Lord Krishna, gets physical beauty. Roop Chaturdashi is also known as Chhoti Diwali.
Diwali or Deepawali or Kamala Jayanti is the third day of Diwali Festival
Diwali or Deepawali is the day of Incarnation of Goddess Kamala. Goddess Kamala is one of 10 Mahavidya and the Goddess of wealth. Diwali is celebration of her incarnation. Also, Lord Ram returned to Ayodhya after completing his exile period of 14 years. To express happiness of his return to Ayodhya, devotees decorated their house with earthen lamps.
Annakut or Govardhan Puja or Bali Pratipada is the fourth day of Diwali Festival
Annakut or Govargdhan puja is the day of incarnation of Lord Kishna as Govardhan Hill. Lord Kishna incarnated as Govadhan Hill and stated that, anybody who worship my form of Govardhan Hill will become free from all sins and get liberated. To please Lord Kishna as Govardhan Hill, devotees worship him on this day. Also, King Bali comes to earth on this day to illuminate the world with knowledge. That's why it is known as Bali Pratipada.
Bhai Dooj or Yama Dwitiya is the fifth day of Diwali Festival
Bhai Dooj is the day of love and affection of brothers and sisters. Yama and Yami (Holy River Yamuna) are son and daughter of Sun. On this day Yama visited her sister Yamuna. Yamuna became very happy and worshipped her brother Yama. They had a very happy time and feast together. Yam give a boon when leaving that, when brothers and sisters go to holy river Yamuna and take dip in it's holy water on this day, they will not go to Yampuri (or they will become free from death).
Diwali and Diwali Festival, these are two different things. According to Hindu Calander, Diwali is the day Amavasya of Kartika month while Diwali Festival is the name of 5 days collectively, i.e. from 13th day of waning moon of Kartik month to 2nd day of waxing moon of Kartik month. Five days of Diwali Festival are as follows :
1. Dhan Teras or Dhanwantari Jayanti : Dhan Teras is celebrated on 13th day of waning moon (Krishna Paksha) of Kartik Month according to Hindu Calander.
2. Narak Chaturdashi or Roop Chaturdashi : Narak Chaturdashi or Roop Chaturdashi or Chhoti Diwali is celebrated on 14th day of waning moon (Krishna Paksha) of Kartik Month according to Hindu Calander.
3. Diwali or Deepawali or Kamala Jayanti : Diwali or Deepawali or Kamala Jayanti is celebrated on 15th day (Amavasya) of waning moon (Krishna Paksha) of Kartik Month according to Hindu Calander.
4. Annakut or Govardhan Puja or Bali Pratipada : Annakut or Govardhan Puja or Bali Pratipada is celebrated on 1st day of waxing moon (Shukla Paksha) of Kartik Month according to Hindu Calander.
5. Bhai Dooj or Yama Dwitiya : Bhai Dooj or Yama Dwitiya is celebrated on 2nd day of waxing moon (Shukla Paksha) of Kartik Month according to Hindu Calander.
Diwali festival is the festival of lights and happiness. Therefore Diwali fetival is the spectrum of all colors of joys. Although Diwali festival is the festival of 5 days but preparations for celebration of Diwali starts approx. one month back. Potters starts making designer earthen lamps six months back from Diwali. Artisans, craftsmen, interior decorators produce many decorative items. Markets becomes full of radiance of decorative items and clothes. People full of joy, go to the markets to purchase lamps, decorative items, clothes, crackers and things required for worship during 5 days. Markets are full of fragrance of delicious and special sweets made for Diwali festival. Devotees purchase as well as make special and delicious sweets at their homes. On Diwali evening, all people light earthen lamps at their homes, worship lamps and place these lamps on walls of home to decorate homes. After that, people go to meet relatives and neighbors to give them greetings of Diwali festival. People wears new clothes and welcome each other gracefully and full of joy with sweets. Kids seems very excited by wearing new clothes and bursting crackers whole night. Devotees do worship of Goddess Lakshmi (Kamala) to gain wealth. All the markets are decorated with beautiful electric decorative lights. People go to see lighting of markets at night on Diwali. It is really very enjoying.
Make this year Diwali festival more joyful and meaningful by learning "what you can do to celebrate Diwali festival at your home?" See below what you should do on 5 days of Diwali festival :
What you can do on Dhan Teras
Dhan Teras is the day of incarnation of Lord Dhanvantari. He is incarnated with Nectar Kalash (small pitcher filled with nectar) in his hands. It is considered very auspicious. That's why there is a tradition to buy a utensils. On Dhan Teras you can buy a utensil, silver coin, small metal idols of Lord Ganesh and Goddess Lakshmi for worship on Diwali. There is a tradition of lighting a lamp just outside the main gate of house for Yama. According to a Hindu story, Lord of Death Yama gave a boon to Kartik Krishna Trayodashi (Dhan Teras) that, a devotee who worship me and light an earthen lamp or a line of earthen lamps in south direction for me, he will be free from fear of accidental death. Steps to worship Yama on Dhan Teras are as follows :
1. Choose a sacred place in your home. Find south wall.
2. Decorate the floor adjacent to south wall with traditional Rangoli or Maandana (Maandana are popular in Rajasthan).
3. In evening (at the time of dusk) make a Swastik sign with Roli on decorated floor. Take one or more earthen lamps and place on Swastik. Sit facing south.
4. Fill mustard oil in it. Put some sugar and raw rice in it.
5. Light the lamp(s). Do Worship of lamp(s) with Roli, raw rice and water. Bow down to lamp(s).
6. Recite Yama Stotra. Bow down to Lord Yama.
7. Pick lamp(s) and place them outside and near the main gate of house building.
8. You completed the worship of Dhan Teras.
What you can do on Roop Chaturdashi (Chhoti Diwali)
Roop chaturdashi is the day of victory of good over evil because Lord Krishna killed demon king Narakasur. To express happiness and love in lotus feet of Lord Krishna, devotees light garland of earthen lamps in their homes. You can also worship Lord Krishna and light earthen lamps at your home. To celebrate Roop Chaturdashi you can follow these steps :
1. Choose any sacred place in your home.
2. Arrange at least 13 small earthen lamps and 1 big four faceted earthen lamps (deepak).
3. In evening, wear traditional clothes.
4. Take a plate, draw Swastik with Roli, put a silver coin on it's center. Place few lamps in the plate around the coin. Place rest of the lamps on floor.
5. Fill all the lamps with mustard oil. Put some sugar, kheel, murmura, makhana in them.
6. At the time of dusk, light all these lamp.
7. First worship the coin with Roli, raw rice and water. Then worship all the lamps with Roli, raw rice and water.
8. Place one lamp outside the main gate for Lord Yama. Go to temple of Lord Krishna with few lamps and put one lamp in temple. Pray to give love in his lotus feet and physical beauty. Keep a fast on this day for that. A devotee who do it with full devotion, gets physical beauty as well as place in Vaikuntha. Come back to home.
9. Place all other lamps on outer walls and safe places inside your house.
10. If you live near any river, then flow a lamp in river. It is very auspicious.
11. You completed the worship of Roop Chaturdashi.
What you can do on Diwali
Diwali is the festival of worship of Goddess Lakshmi (Kamala), lights and crackers. Here are steps what you can do on Diwali :
1. Decorate your house as you can. Decorate the home with flower garlands and bandanwaar.
2. Choose a safe and sacred place in your home for worship of earthen lamps. Clean it properly and decorate. Arrange as many lamps as you can.
3. Arrange things required for worship of Goddess Lakshami. Visit Easy Diwali Lakshmi Puja Vidhi for easy and effective Lakshmi Puja on Diwali.
4. At the time of dusk, wear new clothes. Gather all the family members at the place of Lamp worship.
5. Take a plate. Place a silver coin on it. Put few lamps in plate.
6. Fill all lamps with mustard oil. Put some sugar, kheel, murmura, makhana in lamps.
7. Light the lamps. Put one lamp in your puja place. Place one lamp for Yama outside the main gate of your home. Go to the nearby temple and put few lamps in temple. Come back with remaining lamps. Put all the lamps at boundary wall, roof walls etc. You can also create some decorative designs with lamps.
8. Check the auspicious time of Lakshmi Puja in local newspaper or in Hindu calendar. Place all the things required for worship of Goddess Lakshmi at one place, i.e. the place of worship.
9. Do Lakshmi Puja with love and devotion in the lotus feet of Goddess Lakshami. Visit Easy Diwali Lakshmi Puja Vidhi for easy and effective Lakshmi Puja on Diwali.
10. If you have small business at home, then go to office and worship account books also. You can get a new account book, draw Swastika on it's first page with Roli. Offer raw rice to Swastika and account book. Write "Shri Ganeshay Namah" above Swastika with red pen. Offer lamp, dhoop, flower etc. to the account book and pray to keep balance of money.
10. Next day early morning, do visarjan of Jyeshtha Lakshami (i.e. Daridrata, poorness). Wake up around 4:30-5:00 am and take a bath. After dress-up take a big plate. Put a lamp in it accompanied with waste of puja things. Light the lamp. Go to the main gate of your building. Put lamp and all the waste things in plate outside and near the gate. Chant "O Poverty! Go away. O Lakshmi! Come to my house."
11. You completed Lakshmi Puja on Diwali.
What you can do on Annakut or Govardhan Puja
Govardhan Puja is the worship of Govardhan hill. You can do it at your home very easily as follows :
1. Arrange cow dung. Make a shape of man as Govardhan hill with cow dung at outside of main gate of your building.
2. Worship Govardhan by offering flower, lamp, dhoop, scent and sweets.
3. Walk around the Govardhan and pray Govardhan "O Lord Govardhan! Destroy our all sins and give love in your lotus feet."
4. There is tradition to make variety of delicious food to offer to Lord Govardhan. You can prepare Bajara, Moong, Chaula, Rice, Kadhi, Daal, Kheer etc. to offer.
5. Offer this delicious food to Lord Govardhan.
What you can do on Bhai Dooj
Bhai Dooj is the day of worship of brothers by their sisters. All sisters, you can celebrate Bhai Dooj as follows :
1. The day before Bhai Dooj, give invitation to your brothers for lunch on Bhai Dooj at your home.
2. Ask him what he loves to eat. Or if you know already, prepare all these things at your home by your own hands on Bhai Dooj.
3. When your brother comes at your home, welcome him with joy and cheer. Give him beautiful seat to sit.
4. Serve the delicious food of his choice to him. Offer everything cheerfully. Talk to him cheerfully.
5. When he finishes the food, tie a sacred thread on his right hand wrist. Put Tilak on his forehead. Put some raw rice on it. Give him a coconut as a symbol of auspiciousness.
6. Pray God for his long life.
7. If possible, go to holy river Yamuna with your brother, and take a holy bath in it's sacred water. It saves your brother from accidental death.
8. See-off your brother. You finished the worship of Bhai Dooj.
1. Lakshminarayan Temple also known as Birla Temple, Jaipur, India.
2. Ashtlakshmi Temple, Hyderabad, India.
3. Lakshmi Temple, Khajuraho, India
4. Mahalakshmi Temple, Kolhapur, India
Similar Readings For Diwali Festival
Though Diwali festival is celebrated across India with various traditions and customs but this article covers all basic aspects on Diwali festival. This article also breaks a myth that Diwali festival is celebrated for only one reason, i.e. to express joy of returning Lord Shri Ram to Ayodhya after his 14 years exile period. This article also unveils the reasons of celebrating five different festivals during Diwali festival along with the method of celebrating and worshiping during those five days.
Lakshmi Puja on Diwali Festival in Ratlam
In Mahalakshmi temple of Ratlam, there is a tradition to fill the treasure of temple with Gold, Silver, Currency notes and Jewelry. Many devotees deposit their safes filled with millions of rupees, jewelry and valuables in Mahalakshmi temple of Ratlam. These all offerings are deposited on the basis of trust on Goddess Lakshmi, and hence, no any account is maintained of these deposits. Record says that no any devotee lost a single penny since last 50 years. Devotees deposit all these offerings in the temple because they believe that Mother Goddess Lakshmi doubles these offerings. This is more than 50 years old tradition.
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