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Kalbelia Tribe. Kalbelia Dance. Musical Instruments used in Kalbelia Dance. Dress of Kalbelia Dance. Kalbelia Dance and UNESCO. Kalbelia Dance Photos. Kalbelia Dance Video.
Kalbelia dance is a folk dance of Rajasthan state of India. Kalbelia dance exclusively performed by Rajasthani tribe Kalbelia. India has a rich heritage, culture and values. In Indian folk art, this rich culture, heritage and values of India exhibit very well.
Kalbelia tribe is a community of Rajasthan state of India. In ancient time, there were many tribes and communities found in India which were move frequently from one place to another rather than staying and building their homes at one place. Those tribes and communities were known as rover communities. Kalbelia and Gadia Luhar are the tribes which still exist in India and still frequently move from one place to other.
As every tribe has their own culture, language, lifestyle, cloths, dance, songs; Kalbelia tribe also has its own culture and values. Previously main livelihood of Kalbelia tribe was snake charming. That's why Kalbelia tribe also known as Sapera in local language which means snake charmers. People of Kalbelia tribe were not only caught the snakes but also trading snake venom. As the Kalbelia tribe always lived with snakes, the people of Kalbelia tribe invented and learnt many treatments of snake bite. Because of this knowledge, many people took the services of Kalbelia tribe at the time of snake bite in ancient times. That time, the Kalbelia tribe was also started to called Jogi or Jogira community. Later on, they developed their folk songs. Those folk songs became popular. Then the groups of Kalbelia tribe started to sing in local festivals, fairs and small functions of Zamindars (local aristocrats). These performances started to give them revenue also. Hence, the people of Kalbelia tribe started to experiment with their songs and singing techniques due to which they developed unique style of singing. Many people of Kalbelia tribe then left their main occupation of snake catching and adopted singing profession. Many others of Kalbelia tribe make the singing profession an additional occupation along with the main traditional occupation of snake catching and trading snake venom. Gradually Kalbelia tribe also started dance. Kalbelia tribe developed their own style of dancing which is unique due to the resemblance to that of the serpents.
Kalbelia tribe belong to desert land of India and presently mainly live in the districts of Jaisalmer, Barmer, Jodhpur, Jalore, and in the cities of Jaipur and Pushkar.
Kalbelia dance is a dance of rhythmic movement of body like serpents along with the amalgam of great balancing acts like a gymnast. According to some group leaders of Kalbelia dance groups, this style of dancing invented in Kalbelia tribe due to their occupation of snake catching. While the Kalbelia tribe catch the snakes, they play a traditional musical instrument Been in a specific manner. Also the people of Kalbelia tribe exhibit dance of their snakes on the music of Been, in which snake moves with the movement of Been. As the snake is limbless reptile, so when it moves in various directions on the movement of Been, it looks like the snake is dancing, and the movements of snake are very flexible and twisting movements because the snake is limbless. The Kalbelia tribe casually adopted these movements on the music of Been because the snake and the acts of snakes are the integral part of their life.
In Kalbelia dance, males play various traditional instruments and females perform dance. Kalbelia dance is one of the most sensuous dance among all Rajasthani dances.
There is no any organized training system or school, manuscripts, and written text to teach and learn Kalbelia songs and Kalbelia dance. This folk art is transmitted from generation to generation.
Kalbelia dance is a folk dance of Rajasthan state of India. Hence, only traditional musical instruments used in Kalbelia dance. Poongi is the main musical instrument used in Kalbelia dance. Poongi is a kind of woodwind musical instrument used by Kalbelia tribe during catching snakes. Dufli, Morchang, Dholak, Khanjari and Khuralio are the names of other traditional musical instruments used by Kalbelia tribe in Kalbelia dance along with the main instrument Poongi.
Kalbelia dance perform by females. These female dancers wear traditional dress of Kalbelia tribe. On the upper body, the female Kalbelia dancers wear Angrakhi. On the head, the female Kalbelia dancers wear Odhani. They wear a long skirt on the lower body which has a wide circumference. This long skirt of Kalbelia dancers is called Lehanga or Ghagra. This complete dress is essentially black in color with the red decorative laces. Embroidery from silver thread in various patterns on the black dress resembles a black snake with white spots or white stripes. Mirror work on the dresses of Kalbelia dancers also find many times. Kalbelia dancers wear lot of traditional jewelry.
Rajasthan's Kalbelia dance and songs now in UNESCO's representative list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by the year 2010.
Gulabo, Suva Devi, Senu Sapera are few of the world famous Kalbelia dancers who are performing Kalbelia dance worldwide.
Similar Readings for Kalbelia Dance
As the Kalbelia Dance is intangible cultural heritage, so that state government of Rajasthan decided to conserve this cultural heritage and decided to open a "Kalbelia School of Dance" in year 2007. Jaipur Development Authority (JDA) allotted 5 bighas of land near Amber Fort in Jaipur to open this "Kalbelia School of Dance". An architect also had been appointed and the draft constitution of the school had been prepared in consultation with world famous Kalbelia Dancer Gulabo.
But the other side of the coin, as per our research, is, there is no remarkable progress in "Kalbelia School of Dance" project till the year 2011.
Other than that, Gulabo, the famous Kalbelia dancer and other folk artists of Rajasthan were on agitation in the last week of April'11 which was continued till 1st week of May'11. The agitation was against state government of Rajasthan and the state tourism department of Rajasthan because of not releasing remunerations of Gulabo and other folk artists for their performances in government programs in last six months which is already very low, i.e. approx. INR 600 (approx. 13 US Dollars) per artist per performance!!
Gulabo organized a rally with a huge number of folk artists against state government of Rajasthan in April'11 in Jaipur. She danced with bare feet on the roads of Jaipur in the hot afternoons of April'11 when the temperature was more than 35 degrees to protest the policies of government regarding their remunerations. All the newspapers covered this matter as prime news. Gulabo declared to not participate in government programs after this incident.
In our opinion, the Intangible Cultural Heritage listed in UNESCO can't conserve and encourage easily with this attitude of state government. UNESCO also has to work hard to protect and conserve this heritage - Kalbelia dance.