Music is an art of arranging sounds. Melody, harmony, timber, rhythm are the basic elements of music through which the sounds arrange in time to express emotions and to produce reminiscent composition. Music is a form of entertainment for many people, while music is a pure art form for many others, whereas for the others, music is the way of living, and for many people, music is worship and passion. Nowadays music is one of the most popular hobbies in all age groups because music helps people to convey their suppressed emotions. Easy availability of music at the computers and mobile phones also attracted people towards music in big number.
If you search Music on any search engine then the search engines will display millions or billions web pages related to Music, types of music, free MP3s, ringtones, internet radio, music videos, free music.....eeeeehh. Our world wide web research and review work on Music may help you to find crisp results and suggests some good web pages to save your time and energy. Definition of music, elements of music, types of music, and musical therapy are included in our research work along with some good images and videos related to music.
For example, dictionary.reference.com*1^1 writes following definition of music:
Music is an art of sound in time that expresses ideas and emotions in significant forms through the elements of rhythm, melody, harmony, and color.
The tones or sounds employed, occurring in single line (melody) or multiple lines (harmony), and sounded or to be sounded by one or more voices or instruments, or both.
answers.com*2^2 writes little bit different definition of music:
The art of arranging sounds in time so as to produce a continuous, unified, and evocative composition, as through melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre.
Whereas, wordiq.com*3^3 writes about music as follows:
The most common definition of music takes it to be self-evident: music simply is. However, what this means is the subject of wide discussion. Broadly there are three groups of definitions: those that define music as an external fact, for example "organized sound", those that label it as a social construction, and those that seek a platonic or quasi-platonic ideal of music which is not rooted in specifically physical or mental terms.
The definition of music as sound with particular characteristics is taken as a given by psycho-acoustics, and is a common one in musicology and performance. In this view, there are observable patterns to what is broadly labeled music, and while there is understandable cultural variations, the properties of music are the properties of sound as perceived and processed by people.
What are the key elements of music? How many elements of music are there? All the musicians and music teachers describe the key elements of music in little variations according to which, few musicians and music teachers talk about mainly 4 elements of music, some others talk about 5, 6, and 7 elements of music; but interestingly all the musicians covers all the elements in their music theory as main element or a sub division of main element of music.
The key elements of Music are Pitch, Rhythm, Melody, Harmony, Key, Texture, Dynamics, Timber, Form.
Pitch, in terms of music, is the way to describe how low or high the sound is.
Rhythm is the organization of sound and silence in time. In a musical composition, there may be short and long durations of sound and silence in an organized way. Hence, rhythm is also defined as the flow of music through time. There are some components of Rhythm as beat, meter, accent and syncopation, and tempo.
Beat in music can easily understand as the beats of heart, which is a regular and recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time.
The organization of beats into regular groups is called meter.
Tempo is the speed of the beat. A fast tempo in music gives a feeling of excitement and energy, whereas slow tempo gives a feeling of calm mood.
Melody is a series of single tones which add up to a recognizable whole and heard one after other. Melody has its own direction, shape, and continuity. Range of melody is the distance between its lowest and highest tones.
Harmony, unlike the melody, is a collection of tones which heard simultaneously.
Key is also called tonality of music. Key, in music, involves the presence of a central note, scale, and chord within a piece.
A texture is a pattern of rhythms, harmony, tempo and notations played together.
The volume of the notation is known as the dynamics of the music. In other words, dynamics describes how soft or loud the music is. Interestingly, in one musical composition, the music could be loud at certain sections while it could be soft at other sections. This arrangement makes a music more interesting and appealing many times.
Timber is also known as tone color. Many different kinds of sounds can create from one instrument. Identification and differentiation of these sound notations is referred as tone color or timber.
Musical form is the organization of all elements in a sensible form which is called a musical composition. Musical form is therefore refers the genre or the style of music.
There are many types of music developed with the time by the influence of different cultures across the world. This development process is the never ending process. Nowadays, musicians believe in experimenting with music. These experiments also lead to develop new types of music.
Classical music is the conventional form of music. Classical music is also called an art music. Many scientific experiments proved that the classical music is able to reduce stress and stimulate the mind. The term classical music generally refers the style of music before 20th century.
Indian classical music is based on ragas (melodic modes) and taals (specific rhythmic cycle). Origin of Indian classical music can be found in Vedas. Originally, there are six ragas in Indian classical music which are meant to play and sing at different time slots throughout the day. These six ragas are known to activate all the chakras (energy center) of human body and helps in meditation.
Country music is a simple but very popular music form of southern US. Country music usually played on stringed instruments. Country music is basically a blend of ballads and dance tunes. It is also popular about country music that it has been linked to depression and suicide.
Rap or Hip Hop music is the music genre which developed with Hip Hop culture. It was developed around 1980s and 1990s which is a blend of rhyming lyrics and music.
Rock music came into existence in the rock and roll era of the 1950s and fully developed during 1960s in UK and US. Many times rock music defined as restless musical format. Rock music usually performed with electric guitars, bass, drums and heavy vocals.
Heavy metal music is also known as ‘information music’. Heavy metal music started off after the Second World War. Its a fast and loud rock music genre with strong beats. Even lyrics of heavy metal music usually involve violent imagery.
Jazz music originated at the beginning of 20th century to the African American communities in the Southern United States. Distinctive tone colors and strong, prominent meter are the characteristics of Jazz music. Trumpet, saxophone, cornet, piano and violin are the main instruments used in jazz music.
Trance music is referred as electronic dance music. Fast beats, short melodic synthesizer phrases, and a musical form that varies up and down throughout a track are the main characteristics of trance music. Trance music is generally played in discotheques and clubs.
Folk music also known as traditional music. Folk music generally represent a specific community, their struggle for survival, their culture, needs, desires, festivals and various other aspects of the life of that community. No any specific training to be given for folk music; but it pass orally generation to generation. Many folk tales also rhymed in folk music.
Nowadays, music is using as alternative medicine along with entertainment. Scientists and medical practitioners found that music is helpful in managing stress, express emotions, meditation, activating chakras (energy centers), enhances memory, give pleasure and alleviate pain.
Researches show that the music impact brainwaves activities. It helps in relaxing and also calm the human body. Music also alter and control the heart beats and breathing rate. When the body becomes calm and relax, heart beats are controlled, breathing rate is proper, it certainly helps in controlling blood pressure and anxiety.
Some scientists found the positive effect of music on the growth of plants and animals also.
These all studies and implementations of music as medicine start a new research named as musical therapy under alternative medicines.
Similar Readings for Music
In our opinion, if we read and compare the definitions of music marked above as *1 to *3, then the definition of music marked as *3 is the best definition of music among all the definitions stated above. wordiq.com states in definition *3 that the music contains understandable cultural variations, properties of music are the properties of sound and the music is wide subject to discuss rather than defining it as just organized sound through the light on deeper sense of music. Various types of music certainly developed because of cultural variations. Different types of musical instruments and specific characteristics of a particular genre of music is just not the casual organization of sounds. It is not only the scientific game of sound, beats and the vibration of air molecules. When music has a power to activate energy centers, can use as medicine and able to convey emotions, its simply much more than the "organized sound".