What is Health? What are the determinants of Health? How to maintain good health? Yoga for good health?
A very popular old and golden phrase says: Health is Wealth! Health is defined at many places as coping skills or abilities with the environment. Health also referred as fitness. There are many factors affect our health. Health is mainly affected by diet, sleeping habits, exercise, environment, work, family, social relations and income. General health awareness and self care is very important to keep fit and healthy. Most of the people ignore self care in modern life style due to the lack of time which results in major illness or serious diseases later on. Prevention is better than cure is always a golden rule for maintain good health. As the diagnosis processes and treatments are very expensive and painful, and also leave some adverse effects on human body sometimes, so self care in routine life is always better option to keep fit and healthy.
According to many health practitioners, eight out of ten health care problems can be cared at home without any help of doctor. Self care habit and self care practice can prevent everybody from serious illness and can help in cutting the annual health care cost of family. In addition to this, small changes or additions in routine life can bring big changes in everybody's health.
If you search Health, how to maintain good health on any search engine then the search engines will display millions or billions web pages related to health. Our world wide web research and review work on health may help you to find crisp results and suggests some good web pages to save your time and energy. Definition of health, determinants of health, how to maintain good health are included in our research work along with some good images and videos related to health.
For example, britannica.com^1 writes:
Health, in human beings, the extent of an individualís continuing physical, emotional, mental, and social ability to cope with his environment.
Whereas, medicalnewstoday.com^2 publish the following definition of health:
The English word "health" comes from the Old English word hale, meaning "wholeness, a being whole, sound or well,". Hale comes from the Proto-Indo-European root kailo, meaning "whole, uninjured, of good omen". Kailo comes from the Proto-Germanic root khalbas, meaning "something divided".
WHO (World Health Organization)^3 publish a definition of health in very vast aspect as follows:
Health is a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities.
-by WHO (World Health Organization)^3
Overall health is achieved through a combination of physical, mental, and social well-being, which, together is commonly referred to as the Health Triangle.
What are the basic determinants of health? Is there a long list of prerequisites for health? Although it varies from condition to condition, but after the experience of lot many years, WHO (World Health Organization)^4 publish in favor of everybody, that:
According to WHO, many factors combine together to affect the health of individuals and communities. Whether people are healthy or not, is determined by their circumstances and environment. To a large extent, factors such as where we live, the state of our environment, genetics, our income and education level, and our relationships with friends and family all have considerable impacts on health, whereas the more commonly considered factors such as access and use of health care services often have less of an impact.
The determinants of health include:
the social and economic environment,
the physical environment, and
the personís individual characteristics and behaviors.
WHO (World Health Organization) also consider some more factors as the determinants of our general health, i.e. income and social status, education, physical environment, social support networks, genetics, health services and gender.
Public Health Agency of Canada^5 consider some additional key determinants of health which are personal health practices and coping skills, healthy child development, and culture.
It is a very vast subject that how to maintain good health. Every doctor and medical practitioner suggests different things to Do and Not to Do, to keep yourself healthy. We are listing here some common guidelines to maintain good health.
It is a frequently asked question that what is proper diet? The three major energy foods Protein, Fats, Carbohydrates are essential to lead an active life. In addition to this, involvement of convertors of energy, i.e. minerals, vitamins, water is also necessary in routine diet. If routine diet contains fruits, vegetables, grains, cereals and dairy products then the diet could count as proper diet or healthy diet. Avoid too much salty and fattening food. Eating proper diet is very much important for good health.
It is always advised by most of the health practitioners to drink at least 6-8 glasses of water in a day. Drinking enough water will help in reducing extra fat, remove toxins from body in form of urine and sweat, keep body temperature normal, glowing skin and prevent from constipation which in turns keep you fit and healthy.
Normal bowels are essential to eliminate toxic waste from the body. Improper bowels may result in constipation, diarrhea, illness related to digestive system, stomach pain and some other serious diseases. Proper elimination of waste and toxins keeps fit and healthy.
Early to bed and early to rise is directly connected to the longevity of life. Cycle of nature for day and night is linked with sun rise and sun set. Day is for working and night is for taking rest. Although it is not possible in modern age to sleep with sun set and awake with sun rise because of round the clock working schedules and many other reasons, but who can sleep early and wake up early must follow early to bed and early to rise. One major benefit of waking up early is the opportunity of getting pollution free fresh air for few hours.
Those who cant go to bed early, it is recommended for them to take at least 6-8 hours proper sleep. Sleeping enough will not only relax the body, but also give mental peace, remove mental stress and emotional stress, improve metabolism and much more. Sound sleep of 6-8 hours increase working efficiency and improve concentration power.
In short, sleeping enough is essential for maintaining good health.
Human body is designed by the nature in such a way that every part and joint of human body if keeps functioning then the possibility of illness related to that body part or joint is minimum. Due to advancement of technology, exercise in daily life due to various types of routine works reduced dramatically. Hence, it is essential for everybody to do at least some light exercises and walking for at least 30 minutes daily. Exercising daily keeps body fit and healthy.
High level of stress and hypertension are the reasons of many diseases. By reducing the stress, one can live healthy. Meditation, Yoga and some entertainment activities can help everyone to reduce stress.
Many people ignore general hygiene habits. People of all education groups and age groups are included in this list. Don't forget that hygiene plays an important role in maintaining good health. Bathing, brushing teeth, washing hands with antibacterial soap before and after meals are the general hygiene habits which are not difficult to follow in daily life, but these general hygiene habits play vital role in maintaining good health. Some health practitioners advice that everyone can prevent from 75% common and seasonal diseases by following general hygiene habits.
Laughing and smiling is always good for health. Laughter reduces stress, gives pleasure, makes surrounding atmosphere happy and positive.
Devoting some time with family, friends and society helps in changing mood, reduce anxiety and reduce emotional as well as mental stress. Maintaining social life is hence helpful in maintaining good health.
Avoid or limit smoking and drinking alcohol. Its hazardous for health. Smoking and drinking alcohol are one of the major reasons of cancer worldwide.
Beside all this, there is another theory in Indian philosophy which is now very popular across the world and gaining attraction of whole world, that is Yoga and Pranayam. For example, we are presenting a small passage from the web pages of Indian Yoga Guru Baba Ramdev^6:
Since ancient times, sages have been saying: Sharirmadhyam Khaludharam Sadhnam, i.e. be it work or pleasure, it is possible only through a healthy body. Modern medical science also considers prevention to be the primary step towards good health. Therefore it is necessary to make Yoga a part of daily routine. It is true that is cause of illness some may have the means to benefit from the big hospitals and be able to afford the huge cost. But 65 percent of Indian population and a large number of people in other countries who cannot even think of seeking expensive medical treatment, have been blessed with life-saving medicine in the form of Yoga. It is also a blessing for those who are well off but are almost dead as they suffer from incurable diseases. They have the resources but do not know what treatment to take. Yoga and Pranayam have prevented people from getting into such dismal situations. Yoga offers a recourse for those who have lost hope, it opens a new path when all other paths are closed.
-by Patanjali Yogpeeth^6
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In our opinion, definition of health given by WHO mentioned above as ^3 is best among all the definitions. Where all the health practitioners, doctors, web publishers define health as coping ability with the environment; WHO define health as a resource for everyday life! Its dictating importance of good health in our life without any explanation. This concept of WHO emphasizing need of self care and keep ourselves fit and healthy.
If we read health determinants carefully, then the health determinants suggested in ^4 and ^5 are all important together. No doubt that the social and economical environment, physical environment and individual's character are the important determinants of health, but in addition, culture, personal health practices and healthy child development are also very important in maintaining good health.
As per our research work, Yoga is thousands years old and well practiced technique in India to maintain good health and ultimately purify the body and soul to reach up to salvation. ^6 is the passage taken here from Patanjali Yogpeeth for education purpose to describe the importance of Yoga in daily life. Baba Ramdev is a world renowned personality in the field of Yoga who is worldwide delivering free education about Yoga. Millions of people are getting benefit from Yoga. Many researches start on Yoga that how it works to maintain good health as well as cure almost all of the diseases without medicine.