What is Comedy? Types of Comedy? History of Comedy?
Comedy is an act to generate humor. There are nine emotional responses according to Indian philosophy. Humor (Haasya) is one of them. Comedy is a dramatic activity performed by a comedian to generate humor by the efforts of his jokes and body language. Basic elements of comedy are Humor (main emotion), Comedian (object), Humorous Stimulation (jokes, dress up etc.) and Body Language. There are many types of comedy find in the world which are influenced by culture, region, place, period etc.
If you search Comedy on any search engine then the search engines will display millions or billions web pages related to Comedy. Our world wide web research and review work on Comedy may help you to find crisp results and suggests some good web pages to save your time and energy. Definition of Comedy, history of Comedy, various types of comedy, are included in our research work along with some good images and videos related to arts and crafts.
For example, wordnetweb.princeton.edu defines comedy as follows:
Comedy is light and humorous drama with a happy ending.
Comedian is - a professional performer who tells jokes and performs comical acts.
Whereas thinctanc.co.uk defines comedy as follows:
Comedy is not a science, it's art. Therefore there are no rules and it can be very subjective. What one person finds funny another might cringe at.
One thing worth noting is that when analyzing comedy and what is funny, it is almost like it is only visible out of the corner of your eye. As soon as you try and look directly at it and analyze it too much... all of the funniness disappears...
Visitors can find some more definitions of comedy in different aspects at answers.com. Read the text below for the definitions of comedy by answers.com:
Comedy is a dramatic work that is light and often humorous or satirical in tone and that usually contains a happy resolution of the thematic conflict.
Comedy is a literary or cinematic work of a comic nature or that uses the themes or methods of comedy.
Comedy is a popular entertainment composed of jokes, satire, or humorous performance.
Comedy is the art of composing or performing comedy.
Comedy is a humorous element of life or literature.
Comedy is a humorous occurrence.
It is very interesting to search that When comedy born? How comedy became an art? How and when comedy took an organized shape? In our research work, we discover that you will find the origination of comedy in Megaris on some websites; whereas some websites are saying that the comedy was originated approximately a million and a half years ago.
For example, theatrehistory.com publish the history of comedy as follows:
The evolution of comedy is much simpler than that of its sister art, though as to its origin and earlier development there is little exact information. All that Aristotle can tell us is that it first took shape in Megaris and Sicyon, whose people were noted for their coarse humor and sense of the ludicrous, while Susarion, the earliest comic poet, was a native of a Megarian town. Add to this that it arose from the Phallic processions of the Greeks, as did tragedy from the dithyramb, and we have about all that is known as to the inception of the lighter branch of the drama.
At country festivals held in celebration of the vintage it was the custom for people to pass from village to village, some in carts, uttering the vile jests and abuse unjustly attributed to the tragic choruses; others on foot, bearing aloft the Phallic emblem and singing the praises of Phales, the comrade of Bacchus. In cities it was also the custom, after an evening banquet, for young men to roam around the streets with torches in their hands, headed by a lyre or flute-player. Such a band of revellers was called a comus, and a member of the band a comoedus or comus-singer, the song itself being termed a comoedia, or comedy, just as a song of satyrs was named a tragoedia, or tragedy.
The Phallic processions were continued as late as the days of Aristotle, and we learn from one of the orations of Demosthenes that the riotous youths who infested the streets of Athens delighted in their comic buffooneries. Pasquinades of the coarsest kind were part of the exhibitions, and hence, probably, it was that comedy found a home at Athens during the time of Pericles, for it furnished the demagogues with a safe and convenient means of attacking their political opponents. When formally established as a branch of the drama it had its chorus, though less numerous and costly than the dithyrambic choir, and the actors, at first without masks, disguised their features by smearing them with the lees of wine.
By Plato comedy is defined as the generic name for all exhibitions which have a tendency to excite laughter. Though its development was mainly due to the political and social conditions of Athens, it finally held up the mirror to all that was characteristic of Athenian life. By a consensus of authorities comedy has been arranged in three divisions, or rather should they be termed variations in form--the old, the middle and the new-and these it will here be convenient to follow.
Whereas, clydepark.com publish the history of comedy as follows:
Your farts and my farts are inherently different and thus comedy is born. The magical balance between the known and the unknown makes the necessary tension of a joke to work. So, approximately a million and a half years ago, two semi-erect cavemen (or cavegals) were chewing on some animal bone and a large, smelly fart rattles the cave walls. The second man, never hearing that particular flatulence timbre, smiles at the differences in styles. The first caveman, seeing a positive reaction in his audience, just about breaks a sphincter wall trying to repeat the first one. The crowd loves them and this rising young comedian is smart enough to give them what they want. Cogito Ergo Fart.
chandrakantha.com publish the history of comedy as follows:
The Natya Shastra is the oldest surviving text on stagecraft in the world. It is believed to have been written by Bharata Muni between 200 AD and 200 BC. However there are scholars who believe that it may have been written by various authors at different times. Hasya rasa (humor or mirth) is defined in Natya Shastra as one of the nine Nava rasas (emotional responses).
There are several types of comedy described on different websites. At few websites, you may find 4 types of comedies, whereas on some websites you will find 5, 6, 7, or 10 types of comedies. Some websites are describing more than 20 types of popular comedies.
For example, life123.com publish following types of comedies along with the description:
The comedy genre has a wide range of tools to draw from. So wide, in fact, that many comedies incorporate several different types to generate laughs. Here is a sample of the types of comedy:
A popular form of physical comedy during the silent era, slapstick is characterized by exaggerated, aggressive visual actions. A type of comedy easily understood by diverse groups, slapstick tends to come back into style or to be used in small doses with other types of comedy.
Mixing elements of comedy and tragedy, dark comedies often have death, war or illness as a central theme. Although dark comedies tend to use sophisticated techniques like irony and innuendo (Prizzi's Honor (1985), Fargo (1996)), some dark comedies have successfully blended broad humor as well (Weekend at Bernie's (1989), Very Bad Things (1998)).
Character comedies gain much of their power from the persona developed by the lead character. Such personas often make use of exaggerated modes of dress, speech and movement to generate comic interest.
Romantic comedies frequently feature couples that seem completely wrong for each other at the start of the story, yet fall madly in love by the conclusion. Romantic comedies often use mistaken identity, eccentric supporting characters and multiple reversals of fortune to move the plot along.
By making fun of the stereotypes, conventions and clichés of a particular genre, parody comedies play to the fan base of that particular genre. Prominent examples are Airplane! (1980)-which made fun of early disaster movies, Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery (1997)-which lampooned spy films and Scary Movie (2000)-which took on modern horror movies.
Usually designed to poke fun at authority or tradition, satiric comedies often use witty dialogue, irony and improbable situations to make social commentary.
Whereas, buzzle.com describes following types of comedy:
Anecdotes are nothing but narration of interesting humorous events, which can be used to make the audience laugh. This is a very popular type of comedy.
What can be funnier than passing witty remarks and indulging in some harmless teasing? Banter is a form of comedy that includes all this and much more!
Have you ever tried combining two words to make a completely innovative and funny word? Blend word comedy is nothing but the creation of funny words by blending two or three words.
Humor can be added to almost any topic under the sky. Well, if you are looking for some material to amuse a large audience, this might not necessarily be the genre that you should pick! There is a thin line between blue-humor and vulgarity. Blue humor is based on subjects like body parts or sex.
This is a genre of humor, which involves a character or a comedian making foolish mistakes, which seem humorous to others.
This is a form of satire, since Burlesque comedy involves ridiculing any basic style of speech or even writing. Burlesque is theatrical entertainment of broad and parodic humor, which usually involves comic skits. It is said to have originated from the Italian Commedia dell'arte.
Black humor or dark comedy often refers to the juxtaposition of morbid and farcical elements to create a disturbing effect. Black comedy, is a sub-genre of comedy and satire where grave topics like death, rape, murder, marital affair, human annihilation or domestic violence are treated in a satirical manner.
Commedia dell'arte is an Italian style comedy of the 16th to 18th centuries improvised from standardized situations and stock characters. Commedia dell’arte includes themes like adultery, jealousy, old age, and love. Many of the basic plot elements of Commedia dell'arte can be traced back to the Roman comedies of Plautus and Terence, while some of these were translations of lost Greek comedies of the fourth century BC.
Caricature involves exaggerated portrayal of a person’s mental, physical, or personality traits in wisecrack form. Caricatures can be insulting, complimentary, political or can be drawn solely for entertainment too.
Not everyone would be up for this sort of humor. A catch tale is basically a funny story that messes up the reader or listener by implying an awful ending and then stopping with an abrupt declaration.
This is like a humorous one liner word puzzle that can’t be solved because the answer is a pun.
A Freudian slip is nothing but a funny statement, which seems to just pop out from the comedian, but actually comes from the person’s subconscious thoughts. This is just like funny things said unintentionally owing to slip-of-the-tongue. The name Freudian slip is coined after the father of psychology - Sigmund Freud.
A comedy characterized by broad satire and improbable situations is termed as farce or travesty. A farce is a comedy style, which aims to entertain the audience by means of unlikely, improbable and extravagant situations, disguise and mistaken identity, verbal humor of varying degrees of sophistication. It can include sexual innuendo and word play, or a fast-paced plot whose speed usually increases, culminating in an ending that often involves an elaborate chase scene. Farce is also characterized by physical humor and the use of deliberate absurdity or nonsense.
Gallows humor is a type of humor which arises from traumatic or life-threatening situations such as wartime events, mass murder, hostilities or in other situations where death is impending and unavoidable. This genre is similar to black comedy but, the only difference is that the comedy is created by the victim.
High comedy refers to a sophisticated comedy, often satirizing genteel society.
Irony is a trope that involves incongruity between what is expected and what occurs and hence is a popular type of humor. Irony is portrayed through words or actions to express something completely different from the literal meaning.
Melodramatic comedy is an extravagant comedy in which action is more salient than characterization.
Well, the term is pretty self-explanatory, isn’t it? Nonsensism includes any kind of funny nonsense, absurdity without realistic logic.
Parody is defined as a work created to mock, comment on, or poke fun at an original work, its subject, or author, by means of humorous or satiric imitation. Parody is nothing but a composition that imitates or misrepresents somebody's style, in a humorous way.
A practical joke or prank is a stunt or trick to purposely make someone feel foolish or victimized, usually for humor. Since pranks or these practical jokes are designed to make people feel foolish or victimized, there is an inherent undertone of cruelty in most practical jokes.
Recovery is a combination of blunder and wit, which means that the comedian or the character usually creates humor by making an error, and then saving himself with a fast and witty comeback.
Witty comebacks, clever replies and droll retorts are all comic repartees.
This type of comedy involves changing the main parts of a story, such as the punch line to create humor.
Satire is defined as a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody's face but their own. Satire is a branch of comedy, which makes use of witty language to convey insults or scorn. In satire, human or individual vices, follies, abuses, or shortcomings are held up to reprimand by means of ridicule, burlesque, derision, irony, or other methods. Although satire is usually meant to be funny, the purpose of satire is not primarily humor, but an attack on something or some subject the author strongly disapproves of.
A comedy with serious elements or overtones is known as seriocomedy.
Another type of comedy is stand-up comedy, which involves a comedian standing up in front of a crowd and amusing them with jokes and funny stories. There are several noted stand-up comedians, for e.g. Jerry Seinfeld.
Situational comedy, commonly known as ‘sitcom’ is a popular type of comedy. A humorous drama based on situations that might arise in day-to-day life. There exist a large number of popular TV sitcoms, which are synonymous with this type of comedy.
Slapstick humor is a boisterous form of comedy with chases, collisions and practical jokes where people just do silly things such as tripping, falling over or embarrassing themselves just to make people laugh. Noted comedian Charlie Chaplin who acted in the silent movies, used a lot of slapstick comedy.
A witty remark about a particular person or thing that is thrown in at a perfect timing, at the spur of the moment, is known as a wisecrack.
As far as jokes are concerned, we know that there are several types of jokes like Political Jokes, Relationship Jokes, Blonde Jokes, Business Jokes, Dating Jokes, Entertainment Jokes , Gender Jokes, Lawyer Jokes, Office Jokes and many more. There also exist a large number of Funny Quotes that will bring a smile to your face. So forget all your worries, have a good laugh and move on in life. Life is too short to keep fussing about the difficulties and worries, instead embrace it with determination in your heart and a smile on your face! Cheers!!!
Similar Readings for Comedy
In examples *1, *2 and *3; there are the definitions of Comedy published at different websites. Readers can find the difference that the Comedy has been defined as Drama, as well as an Art, and an Humorous occurrence. In our opinion, one point is to be noted in all these definitions is that the any hilarious act is actually comedy. ekunji.com suggests visitors to visit the corresponding websites to find the details and more elaborations of these definitions of comedy.
Good information rendered by theatrehistory.com, clydepark.com and chandrakantha.com on history of comedy, but in our opinion specific time line of history of comedy should also get space on history web pages. When we read history of comedy on these websites (or some other websites), we find that there is no rocket science to tell us exactly that when comedy started and where comedy started?
In our opinion, life123.com covers and describe various types of comedy in very easy to understand language, but span of types of comedy could more broad. For example, Stand-up comedy is very popular but not covered by life123.com. In this sense, buzzle.com covers more broader span of types of comedy. Web pages of life123.com will be more beneficial for readers if the authors work more on comedy and update these web pages. In our opinion, as buzzle.com already covered more broader span of types of comedy, hence the web pages of buzzle.com could be more useful for readers ; but if some examples should also include in the description of individual type of comedy, then it will surely get more attention of visitors.